Learn about a host of diabetes-related topics such as how many Americans suffer from this disease to how to easily adjust to a new diet after diagnoses. This section will provide you with the information you need to make informed dietary decisions regarding diabetes.

What is Prediabetes? 10 Symptoms You Should Know

Excess weight should not be viewed negatively related to body image distortions portrayed from societal pressures, but rather with a redirected focus on the health complications that can arise.


Overweight and obese individuals have an increased risk of developing insulin resistance, prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, though can be reversed via lifestyle changes.

Unhealthy weights are a major health concern in the United States, with more than two-thirds of the population being categorized as overweight and obese based on body mass index (BMI).

Excess weight should not be viewed negatively related to body image distortions portrayed from societal pressures, but rather with a redirected focus on the health complications that can arise.

Individuals who are overweight and obese have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, though can be reversed via lifestyle changes. But what are some prediabetic symptoms to lookout for? Find out the warnings and risk factors here!

What Is Prediabetes and Insulin Resistance?

Insulin is a fundamental hormone required for glucose utilization, as it assists in glucose's entry into the cells following carbohydrate intake.

Insulin resistance is when cells do not respond well to insulin and cannot sufficiently easily take up glucose the blood, thus leading to high blood sugars.

Individuals with prediabetes, also known as borderline diabetes, already have some degree of insulin resistance. If left uncontrolled, blood sugars start to elevate overtime and raises the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Blood tests differentiate between normal, prediabetes, and diabetes blood sugar levels, which are marked in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) unless noted otherwise:

Fasting Plasma Glucose Test: Individuals restrict food intake for at least eight hours during this test, which is generally performed after an overnight fast.

• Normal: Less than 100, or encouraged to be within 70 and 100
• Prediabetes: 100 to 125
• Diabetes: Greater than 126

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: Also recognized as OGTT, individuals will be in a fasted state during the oral glucose tolerance test. A sugary beverage will be consumed and a blood test will be taken two hours later.

• Normal: Less than 140
• Prediabetes: 140 to 199
• Diabetes: Greater than 200

Hemoglobin A1C: Also known as glycated hemoglobin, average blood sugar, and HbA1C, this blood test measures average blood sugars for up to three months.

• Normal: 5.6% or less
• Prediabetes: 5.7 to 6.4%
• Diabetes: 6.5% or greater on two separate occasions

Diabetes Risk Factors

While early warning signs of diabetes often go unnoticed and undetected, there are ways to help determine whether or not you are at risk or nearing a diabetes diagnosis.

1. Hereditary Risk Factors

A family history of diabetes grows the risk of diabetes, especially if diagnosed in parents.

2. Age

With increased age comes an increased risk of diabetes, specifically individuals aged 45 years or older.

3. Race

Certain races and ethnicities are more at risk of developing diabetes than others, including African-American, Hispanic, American Indian, Asian-American, and Pacific Islander.

4. Diet Issues and Physical Inactivity

A poor dietary pattern, including one rich in processed and refined carbs and oils, is associated with a higher risk of diabetes.

A sedentary lifestyle and not getting enough physical activity increases the risk of insulin resistance and prediabetes.

5. Overweight

Carrying extra weight is a serious risk factor for developing diabetes, including having a BMI of over 25 (considered overweight) and 30 (classified as obese).

Using waist circumference (WC) can further guide an unhealthy weight status, as a WC over 40 inches in males and over 35 inches in females increases diabetes risk.

6. History of Health Conditions

There are a number of health conditions that can increase the risk of diabetes, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), hypertension (high blood pressure), hyperlipidemia (high lipids).

Women with a history of gestational diabetes, the development of diabetes in pregnancy, or who birth a baby over nine pounds increase their risk of a future diabetes diagnosis.

Insulin Resistance Symptoms - Prediabetes Symptoms?

7. Increased Urination and Thirst

When glucose does not enter the cells, it remains in the blood and is eventually lost through the urine.

In turn, the body increases urine production which leads to fluid loss, thus stimulating thirst.

8. Energy Loss

Feeling a little extra tired despite a full night's sleep? A lack of energy may be one of the signs of prediabetes.

When the body loses glucose through the urine, the result may lead to possible fatigue, especially as the body continues to lose more glucose in the urine rather than being utilized for energy.

9. Blurred Vision

Blurry vision is often one of the first warning signs of diabetes.

Vision likely becomes blurred related to fluid leaking into the lens of your eye, which makes the lens swell, change shape, and things look fuzzy.

10. Darkened Skin

Out of all the prediabetes signs, a condition known as acanthosis nigricans is often the most noticeable.

Acanthosis nigricans is characterized by dark skin patches with a thick, velvety textures. Affected areas tend to be in body folds and creases such as the neck and armpits.

Proper Prediabetic Diet

Fortunately, prediabetes can be reversed and stopped in its tracks if detected early. And while some risk factors that are unmodifiable, a healthy lifestyle can reduce the chance for development, including the provision balanced meals for healthy weight loss and diabetes management from a meal delivery service.

Meals follow the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommendations to consume a consistent and controlled amounts of carbohydrates at each meal. These meals help to maintain blood glucose levels and contain 25 grams or less of NET carbohydrates and adequate lean protein your body needs to regulate blood sugar.

Breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack selections not only supplies the nutrients the body needs, but flavors the taste buds want!

And with menu options including apple cinnamon oatmeal with scrambled eggs, artichoke spinach and roasted red pepper frittata, roasted tofu and ancient grain salad bowl, sliced roast beef with red wine demi, blackened chicken with creamy smoked paprika sauce, meatloaf with honey bourbon glaze, grilled salmon with creamy pesto, salted caramel pecan bar, and southwest nacho chili crisps, there are meals to satisfy all cravings throughout the entire day!

Written By Christy Zagarella, MS, RDN. Published on April 26, 2016. Updated on February 07, 2019.


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