Understanding Borderline Diabetes: Signs Symptoms and Prevention
One out of every three Americans are living with borderline diabetes. However, taking charge on weight and borderline diabetes can diminish the risk of becoming diagnosed with diabetes later down the road. Understand borderline diabetes by identifying signs and symptoms and implementing preventative measures!
One out of every three Americans are living with this chronic disease and the number is anticipated to grow, especially in this obesity epidemic. However, taking charge on weight and borderline diabetes can diminish the risk of becoming diagnosed with diabetes later down the road. Understand borderline diabetes by identifying signs and symptoms and implementing preventative measures!
What is Borderline Diabetes?
Before jumping into discussing borderline diabetes, it is worthy to review what diabetes actually is. In short, diabetes is a condition describing the insufficient use or absence of insulin. A hormone produced by the pancreas, insulin is responsible for assisting glucose to enter the body's cells from the bloodstream following carbohydrate ingestion. When insulin is ineffective, glucose remains in the blood - hence why borderline diabetics and diagnosed diabetics may experience high blood glucose or sugar levels, also known as hyperglycemia.
Borderline diabetes is more commonly known as prediabetes. In this occurrence, diabetes is approaching while the characteristics are not yet diagnostic. Individuals start to experience higher glucose levels, though not high enough to diagnose diabetes. Below differentiates between normal, prediabetes, and diabetes levels based on three blood tests, valued as milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL):
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
During this test, you will be in a fasted state, or absent of food intake for eight hours. It is generally performed after an overnight fast.
• Normal: Less than 100, or encouraged to be within 70 and 100
• Prediabetes: 100 to 125
• Diabetes: Greater than 126
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Also recognized as OGTT, you fill start by taking the fasting test mentioned above. A sugary, or glucose, beverage will be consumed and a blood test will be taken two hours later.
• Normal: Less than 140
• Prediabetes: 140 to 199
• Diabetes: Greater than 200
Further known as glycated hemoglobin, average blood sugar, and HbA1C, this blood test measures average blood sugar up to three months.
• Normal: 5.6% or less
• Prediabetes: 5.7 to 6.4%
• Diabetes: 6.5% or greater
How Do You Know?
Identifying whether or not you have prediabetes is a tough feat, as symptoms are unlikely or oftentimes absent. In fact, a mere 10 percent of individuals with prediabetes even know they have the condition. But if you do display signs and symptoms, they may include:
• Increased Thirst (Polydipsia)
• Increased Urination
• Blurred Vision
• Energy Loss (Fatigue)
Though discouraging to not exhibit the signs and symptoms, risk factors can provide some sort of identifying pathway to diabetes and includes:
Overweight and Obesity
Carrying extra weight is a serious risk factor for developing diabetes. Based on body mass index (BMI), a BMI over 25 is considered overweight while a BMI over 30 is classified as obese. However, using BMI is controversial, as a number of factors are not taken into consideration (age, gender, muscle mass, etc.). Using waist circumference (WC) can further guide an unhealthy weight status, as a WC over 40 inches in males and over 35 inches in females increases diabetes risk.
Having a family history or a genetic predisposition increases the risk of developing diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes History
Described as the development of diabetes in pregnancy, gestational diabetes may even occur in women with a healthy weight. Following birth, blood sugar levels often stabilize but women with a history of gestational diabetes or birthing a baby over nine pounds raise the risk of a future diabetes diagnosis.
Specifically, individuals aged 45 years or older are at an increased risk for diabetes development.
Some races and ethnicities increases diabetes risk and include African-American, Hispanic, American Indian, Asian-American, and Pacific Islander.
Developing diabetes does not have to be the end result. Preventative measures can reduce the risk of its diagnosis, even in prediabetic individuals. Lessen the likelihood of diabetes by modifying the diet - reduce sweets and packaged convenience foods and snacks while incorporating whole grains, colorful produce, lean proteins, dairy products, and healthy fats. Additionally, partake in exercise. It is recommended to be active most days, with at least 150 minutes of physical activity each week. The combination of a wholesome diet and exercise may facilitate weight loss, a significant measure for reducing diabetes risk. Research suggests you can cut the risk by more than half if losing seven percent of body weight. If those numbers seem unattainable, start small! Losing even some weight is beneficial not only for decreasing diabetes risk, but for total health. Additional preventative measures include obtaining adequate sleep and managing stress.
If desiring further guidance to prevent diabetes, bistroMD is here to help! The nation's leading meal delivery service offers well-balanced entrees and snacks right to your doorstep, unlimited support, and a health library boasting in informational and useful resources!